Prevention is better than cure and rightfully for retina too. Retina being one of the major parts of the eyes requires special care too. Apart from age related macular degeneration, other conditions like retinal vein occlusions, central serous chorioretinopathy and rare genetic disorders can affect the retina. Retinal problems, though may appear to be harmless in the initial stages, may cause blindness even.
Five tips to take care of your retina:
- Get your eyes screened every six months. Early detection will lead to a proper treatment and prevent damages. Symptoms are not always noticeable, so visiting an ophthalmologist will help.
- UV rays are very harmful to eyes, get your eyes covered. Wear sunglasses for protection. Also, wear safety glasses while working with hammer or saw or while doing any activity that yields small objects or any sort of powder flying into the eyes. Wearing special sports glasses are advisable during playing certain games like boxing, racquetball, soccer, squash, and other sports that might result in receiving blow to the eye. Safety measures must be taken while using fireworks.
- Prenatal care is a must as retinopathy of prematurity are common with premature babies born before 36 weeks of gestation or are weighed less than 4 pounds at birth. To balance the oxygen after birth, oxygen levels should be monitored in a proper way.
- Diabetic retinopathy occurs as diabetes is one of the major causes for the damage of retina and retinal detachment. Keeping blood sugar in a suitable range will help to keep your eyes healthy. Also follow a healthy diet containing lots of Vitamin A, Vitamin C, Vitamin E, selenium, zinc. These vitamins are found in vegetables we have everyday like carrots, sweet potatoes, spinach, broccoli, bell peppers. Having salmons, sardines, beef, chicken will also help maintain these vitamins and minerals in the body.
- Hypertensive retinopathy is caused due high blood pressure. So, do not stress yourself too much. Also, retinal vein occlusions (blockage in one of the veins of retina) are caused due to blood clots. If you are prone to blood clots, take the physician’s advice and go for blood thinners. Protecting the blood vessels is necessary so following a healthy lifestyle and a proper diet is advisable. Also, exercise and quit smoking immediately. Though the exact cause of central serous chorioretinopathy is not yet known, use of corticosteroid should be avoided.