Glaucoma is a result of nerve damage and is a collection of eye diseases. The images from the retina are carried by the optic nerves to the brain. In case of glaucoma, the eye pressure plays an important role for damaging the delicate nerve fibers present in the optic nerve. When a large number of nerve fibers get affected, several blind spots are developed in the field of vision. The nerve damage and the loss in vision tends to become permanent. Unfortunately, people cannot easily identify the blind areas until a larger section of the optic nerve has already become damaged. When the entire nerve is damaged, people become blind. All this helps us to come to a conclusion that glaucoma is one of the primary causes of blindness.
In order to prevent this major problem that can affect your life, it is important that you start acting soon and detect the symptoms early and get the treatment done before it is too late.
Causes of Glaucoma
Research is still on to get complete clarity on the exact causes of glaucoma. Going by what the medical study has to say, mechanical compression, decreased blood flow in the optic nerve are the primary factors for glaucoma. High pressure in your eyes directly causes glaucoma. However, many people are of the opinion, that glaucoma can also be caused even during normal eye pressure.
Symptoms to Detect Glaucoma
The most tough part about suffering from glaucoma is the fact that the symptoms are not easy to notice. In spite of all this, we assist you with the symptoms hoping that you can detect it in the initial phase itself.
- Abnormal problems when trying to adjust to dark rooms.
- Facing problems when trying to focus on objects either distant or near.
- Blinking or squinting way too much because of bright light or glare.
- Change in the colour of the iris.
- Seeing spots and ghost like images often.
- Dry eyes with burning and itching sensation.
- Double vision.
- Seeing dark spots at the center of any object when viewing them.
- Recurring pain around or in your eyes.
People who are Prone to Suffering from Glaucoma
Glaucoma is one such disease that can happen to anybody, but there are few people who have higher chances of facing this problem. So are you one of those who has a higher chance of suffering from glaucoma? You can find that out now.
- Increased eye pressure
- African ancestry
- Have a family history of people suffering from glaucoma
- Thin cornea
- Extensive use of steroid
- Previous injuries in your eyes
So in case you have faced any of the above mentioned problems, then be extra cautious and take the necessary preventive measures.
Treatments Available for Glaucoma
There are several treatments available for glaucoma. Take a look at them all and choose the treatment process that suits you the most.
- Laser Surgery
- Operative Surgery
So in case you feel the symptoms, check with your doctor immediately to cure the problem of glaucoma before things take an ugly turn.