Uveitis is a general term describing a group of inflammatory diseases affecting the eyes that can lead to slightly reduced vision or severe loss of vision if not properly treated. While uveitis may occur at any age, working-aged persons between 20-50 years old are most frequently affected.
The term “uveitis” is used because the disease often affects a part of the eye called uvea (iris, ciliary body and choroid). Nevertheless, uveitis is not limited to the uvea. These diseases may also affect the retina, optic nerve, lens, and vitreous, leading to reduced vision or blindness if not detected and treated.
Uveitis may be localized just to the eye or may occur as part of a systemic inflammatory diseases affecting other parts of the body. Uveitis can last for a short (acute) or a long (chronic) time. The most severe forms of uveitis may recur many times during a patient’s lifetime but with proper treatment, recurrences can be limited or eliminated altogether.
Uveitis can affect one or both eyes. Symptoms may develop rapidly and can include:
-dark, floating spots in the vision (floaters)
-redness of the eye
-sensitivity to the light
Anyone suffering eye pain, severe light sensitivity, and any change in vision should be seen immediately.
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